Welcome to Fan-Chi Lin's Home

Fan-Chi Lin

Assistant Professor
Geology and Geophysics
University of Utah

Ph.D., 2009, Geophysics
University of Colorado Boulder

Tel: (801) 581-4373
Lab: (801) 585-1789
Email: FanChi.Lin at utah.edu

CV: Fan-Chi's CV


My research interests are mainly focused on seismic interferometry and seismic tomography. Seismic interferometry is a relatively new seismology method that extracts useful information from a diffusive wavefield (e.g. ambient noise and coda wavefields) that was traditionally considered as unusable noise. Over the last few years, my research has shown that the signals extracted from seismic interferometry provide important new constraints to the earth structure from shallow to deep. The potential applications of such new information include studying 3D sedimentary basin structure, regional/continental crust and upper mantle structure, volcano magma bodies, and deeper mantle and core structure. As a member of University of Utah, I am also interested in modeling the 3D structure of the Salk Lake Valley and the geometry of the Wasatch fault system to better understand the seismic hazard in the area.

Google Scholar


(Works in preparation, submitted or in press)

  • Wu, S.-M, F-C. Lin, A. Allam, and J. Farrell, The Old Faithful plumbing system revealed by time-dependent hydrothermal tremor migration, submitted.

  • Wang, Y., F-C. Lin, and K. Ward, Ambient noise tomography across the Cascadia subduction zone using dense linear seismic arrays and double beamforming, submitted.

  • Li, J., F-C. Lin, A.A. Allam, Y. Ben-Zion, and G. Schuster, Wave Equation Dispersion Inversion of Surface Waves Recorded on Irregular Topography, submitted.

    (Works published)


  • Jiang, C., B. Schmandt, K. Ward, F-C. Lin, and L.L. Worthington, Upper mantle seismic structure of Alaska from Rayleigh and S-wave tomography, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 10,350–10,359. doi:10.1029/2018GL079406, 2018.(pdf)

  • Valero, M., S. Wang, F. Li, F-C. Lin, and W. Song, Real-time Cooperative Analytics for Ambient Noise Tomography in Sensor Networks, IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks, doi:10.1109/TSIPN.2018.2876751, 2018(pdf)

  • Berg, E., F-C. Lin, A.A. Allam, H. Qiu, W. Shen, and Y. Ben-Zion, Tomography of Southern California via Bayesian Joint Inversion of Rayleigh Wave Ellipticity and Phase Velocity from Ambient Noise Cross-Correlations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123, 9933–9949. https://doi.org/ 10.1029/2018JB016269, 2018. (pdf)

  • Ward, K. M. and F-C. Lin, Lithospheric Structure Across the Alaskan Cordillera from the Joint Inversion of Surface Waves and Receiver Functions, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, doi:10.1002/2018JB015967, 2018. (pdf)

  • Ward, K. M., F-C. Lin, B. Schmandt, High-Resolution Receiver Function Imaging Across the Cascadia Subduction Zone Using a Dense Nodal Array, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 12,218–12,225. https://doi.org/10.1029/ 2018GL079903, 2018.(pdf)

  • Share, P.-E., A.A. Allam, Y. Ben-Zion, F.-C. Lin, and F.L. Vernon, Structural properties of the San Jacinto fault zone at Blackburn Saddle from seismic data of a dense linear array, Pure Appl. Geophys., DOI: 10.1007/s00024-018-1988-5, 2018. (pdf)

  • Xie, L., Y. Xie, S.-M. Wu, F.-C. Lin, & W. Song, Communication efficient signal detection for distributed ambient noise imaging. Asilomar 2018, (pdf)

  • Kohler, M. D., A.A. Allam, A. Massari, and F-C. Lin,Detection of building damage using Helmholtz tomography,Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America doi: https://doi.org/10.1785/0120170322, 2018.(pdf)

  • Jiang, C., Schmandt, B., Farrell, J., Lin, F.-C. and Ward, K.M., Seismically anisotropic magma reservoirs underlying silicic calderas. Geology doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/G45104.1, 2018, (pdf)

  • Sweet, R.J., K.R. Anderson, S. Bilek, M. Brudzinski, X. Chen, H. DeShon, C. Hayward, M. Karplus, K. Keranen, C. Langston, F.‐C. Lin, M.B. Magnani, & R.L. Woodward, A Community Experiment to Record the Full Seismic Wavefield in Oklahoma. Seismological Research Letters doi: https://doi.org/10.1785/0220180079, 2018, (pdf)

  • Farrell, J., Wu, S.-M., Ward, K.M., & Lin, F.-C. Persistent Noise Signal in the FairfieldNodal Three‐Component 5‐Hz Geophones. Seismological Research Letters doi: https://doi.org/10.1785/0220180073, 2018, (pdf)

  • Lynner, C., Beck, S. L., Zandt, G., Porritt, R. W., Lin, F.‐C., & Eilon, Z. C. Midcrustal deformation in the Central Andes constrained by radial anisotropy. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123. https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JB014936, 2018, (pdf)

  • Jiang, C., B. Schmandt, S.M. Hansen, S. Dougherty, R.W. Clayton, J. Farrell, and F.-C. Lin, Rayleigh and S wave tomography constraints on subduction termination and lithospheric foundering in central California=, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 488, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2018.02.009, 2018, (pdf)


  • Bowden, D. C., Tsai, V. C., & Lin, F.-C., Amplification and attenuation across USArray using ambient noise wavefront tracking, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 122, doi:10.1002/2017JB014804, 2017,(pdf)

  • Wu, S.-M., Ward, K. M., Farrell, J., Lin, F.-C., Karplus, M., & Smith, R. B., Anatomy of Old Faithful from subsurface seismic imaging of the Yellowstone Upper Geyser Basin, Geophysical Research Letters, 44. doi:10.1002/2017GL075255, 2017, (pdf, AGU Highlight, GRL Commentary, Science, Smithsonian, Atlas Obscura, and more)

  • Ward, K.M. & F.-C. Lin, On the Viability of Using Autonomous Three-Component Nodal Geophones to Calculate Teleseismic Ps Receiver Functions with an application to Old Faithful, Yellowstone, Seismological Research Letters, DOI: 10.1785/0220170051, 2017, (pdf)

  • Wang, Y., F.-C. Lin, B. Schmandt, J. Farrell, Ambient noise tomography across Mount St. Helens using a dense seismic array, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 122, doi:10.1002/ 2016JB013769, 2017, (pdf)

  • Yeck, W., Sheehan, A., Stachnik, J., and F.-C. Lin, Offshore Rayleigh Group Velocity Observations of the South Island, New Zealand, from Ambient Noise Data, Geophys. J. Int., 209 (2): 827-841. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx054, 2017, (pdf)

  • Valero, M., G. Kamath, J. Clemente, Y. Xie, F.-C. Lin, and W.Z. Song, Real-time Ambient Noise Subsurface Imaging in Distributed Sensor Networks, The 3rd IEEE International Conference on Smart Computing (SMARTCOMP 2017), 2017, (pdf)

  • Shen, W., C. Alvizuri, F.-C. Lin, and C. Tape, A one-dimensional seismic model for Uturuncu volcano, Bolivia, and its impact on full moment tensor inversions, Geosphere, 13 (1),1–10, doi:10.1130/GES01353.1, 2017, (pdf)

  • Workman, E., F.-C. Lin, and K. D. Koper, Determination of Rayleigh wave ellipticity across the Earthscope Transportable Array using single-station and array-based processing of ambient seismic noise, Geophys. J. Int., 208 (1): 234-245, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggw381, 2017, (pdf)


  • Shen, W., M.H. Ritzwoller, D. Kang, Y. Kim, J. Ning, F.-C. Lin, W. Wang, Y. Zheng, and L. Zhou, A seismic reference model for the crust and uppermost mantle beneath China from surface wave dispersion, Geophys. J. Int., 206(2), doi:10.1093/gji/ggw175, 2016, (pdf)

  • Ball, J., A. Sheehan, J. Stachnik, F.-C. Lin, W. Yeck, and J. Collins,Lithospheric shear velocity structure of South Island, New Zealand from amphibious Rayleigh wave tomography, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JB012726, 2016, (pdf)

  • AlTheyab, A., F.-C. Lin, G.T. Schuster, Imaging Near-surface Heterogeneities by Natural Migration of Back-scattered Surface Waves, Geophys. J. Int., 204, 1332-1341, doi:10.1093/gji/ggv511, 2016, (pdf)


  • Schmandt, B., F.-C. Lin, and K. Karlstrom, Distinct crustal isostasy trends east and west of the Rocky Mountain Front, Geophys. Res. Lett,42, 10,290–10,298, doi:10.1002/2015GL066593, 2015, (pdf)

  • Huang, H.H., F.-C. Lin, V. C. Tsai, and K.D. Koper, High-resolution probing of inner core structure with seismic interferometry, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL066390, 2015, (pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C., M.D. Kohler, and D.S. Weeraratne, March 11, 2011 Tohoku tsunami wavefront mapping across offshore southern California, JGR, 120, 3350–3362. doi: 10.1002/2014JB011524, 2015, (pdf)

  • Huang, H.H., F.-C. Lin, B. Schmandt, J. Farrell, R.B. Smith, and V.C. Tsai, The Yellowstone magmatic system from the mantle plume to the upper crust, Science, DOI:10.1126/science.aaa5648, 2015, (pdf), (Science link , Science Prospective, press release) (Media Coverage: Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, CNN, Los Angeles Times, Reuters, NBC News, TIME, CBS News, USA Today, Smithsonian, Der Spiegel, Germany, The Telegraph, London, RT (Russian TV), Moscow, Daily Mail, London, Science magazine, Science News magazine, Discover magazine, Discovery News, Agence France Presse (AFP)/France24 TV, Reuters/The Guardian, London, Voice of America, National Science Foundation, NSF video, KSTU Fox 13 (video), New Scientist magazine, Washington Post, Storm Media, Taiwan, and more)

  • Bowden, D.C., V.C. Tsai, F.-C. Lin, Site Amplification, Attenuation and Scattering from Noise Correlation Amplitudes Across a Dense Array in Long Beach, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42: 1360–1367. doi: 10.1002/2014GL062662, 2015 (pdf)


  • Lin, F.-C. and B. Schmandt, Upper crustal azimuthal anisotropy across the contiguous US determined by Rayleigh wave ellipticity, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL062362, 2014 (pdf)

  • Ball, J.S., A.F. Sheehan, J.C. Stachnik, F.-C. Lin, J.A. Collins, A Joint Monte Carlo Analysis of Seafloor Compliance, Rayleigh Wave Dispersion and Receiver Functions at Ocean Bottom Seismic Stations offshore New Zealand, Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., 15, 5051–5068, doi:10.1002/2014GC005412, 2014 (pdf)

  • Yu, H., B. Guo, S. Hanafy, F.-C. Lin, G.T. Schuster, Direct detection of near-surface faults by migration of back-scattered surface waves. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2014: pp. 2135-2139. doi: 10.1190/segam2014-0737.1, 2014 (pdf)

  • Schmandt, B. and F.-C. Lin, P- and S-wave tomography of the mantle beneath the United States, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL061231, 2014 (pdf) LiveScience

  • Lin, F.-C., V.C. Tsai, and B. Schmandt,3-D crustal structure of the western United States: application of Rayleigh-wave ellipticity extracted from noise cross-correlations, Geophys. J. Int, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggu160, 2014 (pdf)


  • Kao, H., Y. Behr, C. Currie, R. Hyndman, J. Townend, F.-C. Lin, M.H. Ritzwoller, S.-J. Shan, and J. He, Ambient seismic noise tomography of Canada and adjacent regions: Part I Crustal structures, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 5865-5887, doi:10.1002/2013JB010535, 2013 (pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C. and V.C. Tsai, Seismic Interferometry with Antipodal Station Pairs, Geophys. Res. Letts, 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50907, 2013 (pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C.,D. Li, R. W. Clayton, and D. Hollis, High-resolution 3D shallow crustal structure in Long Beach, California: Application of ambient noise tomography on a dense seismic array, Geophysics, 78(4), Q45-Q56,doi:10.1190/geo2012-0453.1, 2013 (pdf)

  • Savage, M.K., F.-C. Lin, and J. Townend, Ambient noise cross-correlation observations of fundamental and higher-mode Rayleigh wave propagation governed by basement resonance, Geophys. Res. Letts., 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50678, 2013 (pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C.,V.C. Tsai, B. Schmandt, Z. Duputel, and Z. Zhan, Extracting Seismic Core Phases with Array Interferometry, Geophys. Res. Letts., 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50237, 2013 (pdf)

  • Shen, W., M.H. Ritzwoller, V. Schulte-Pelkum, and F.-C. Lin, Joint inversion of surface wave dispersion and receiver functions: A Bayesian Monte-Carlo approach, Geophys. J. Int., 192(2),807-836, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggs050, 2013 (pdf)


  • Lin, F.-C.,D. Li, R. W. Clayton, and D. Hollis, Interferometry with a dense 3D dataset, SEG 2012 Annual Meeting, 2012 (pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C.,B. Schmandt, and V.C. Tsai, Joint inversion of Rayleigh wave phase velocity and ellipticity using USArray: constraining velocity and density structure in the upper crust, Geophys. Res. Letts., 39, L12303, doi:10.1029/2012GL052196, 2012 (pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C.,V. Tsai, and M.H. Ritzwoller, The local amplification of surface waves: A new observable to constrain elastic velocities, density, and anelastic attenuation, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B06302, doi:10.1029/2012JB009208, 2012(pdf)


  • Lin, F.-C. and M.H. Ritzwoller, Apparent anisotropy in inhomogeneous isotropic media, Geophys. J. Int., doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05100.x, 2011(pdf)

  • Ritzwoller, M.H., F.-C. Lin, and W. Shen, Ambient noise tomography with a large continental seismic array, Compte Rendus Geoscience, 13 pages, doi:10.1016/j.crte.2011.03.007, 2011(pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C. and M.H. Ritzwoller, Helmholtz surface wave tomography for isotropic and azimuthally anisotropic structure, Geophys. J. Int., 186, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05070.x, 2011(pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C., M.H. Ritzwoller, and W. Shen, On the reliability of attenuation measurements from ambient noise crosscorrelations, Geophys. Res. Letts., 38, L11303, doi:10.1029/2011GL047366, 2011(pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C., M.H. Ritzwoller, Y. Yang, M.P.Moschetti, and M.J. Fouch, Complex and variable crustal and uppermost mantle seismic anisotropy in the western United States, Nature Geoscience, 4, 55-61, doi:10.1038/ngeo1036, 2011. (pdf)(link)


  • Moschetti, M.P., M.H. Ritzwoller, F.-C. Lin, and Y. Yang, Crustal shear velocity structure of the western US inferred from ambient noise and earthquake data, J. Geophys. Res., 115, B10306, doi:10.1029/2010JB007448, 2010 (pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C. and M.H. Ritzwoller, Empirically determined finite frequency sensitivity kernels for surface waves, Geophys. J. Int., 182, 923-932, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04643.x, 2010. (pdf)

  • Moschetti, M.P., M.H. Ritzwoller, F.-C. Lin, and Y. Yang, Seismic evidence for widespread crustal deformation caused by extension in the western USA, Nature, 464, Number 7290, 885-889, 8 April 2010.(pdf)(link)


  • Lin, F.-C., M.H. Ritzwoller, and R. Snieder, Eikonal Tomography: Surface wave tomography by phase-front tracking across a regional broad-band seismic array, Geophys. J. Int., doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04105.x, 2009. (pdf)


  • Yang, Y., M. H. Ritzwoller, F.-C. Lin, M. P. Moschetti, and N. M. Shapiro (2008), Structure of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath the western United States revealed by ambient noise and earthquake tomography, J. Geophys. Res., 113, B12310, doi:10.1029/2008JB005833. 2008. (pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C., M.P. Moschetti, and M.H. Ritzwoller, Surface wave tomography of the western United States from ambient seismic noise: Rayleigh and Love wave phase velocity maps, Geophys. J. Int., doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.03720.x, 2008. (pdf)


  • Bensen, G.D., M.H. Ritzwoller, M.P. Barmin, A.L. Levshin, F.-C. Lin, M.P. Moschetti, N.M. Shapiro, and Y. Yang, Processing seismic ambient noise data to obtain reliable broad-band surface wave dispersion measurements, Geophys. J. Int., 169, 1239-1260, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03374.x, 2007. (pdf)

  • Lin, F.-C., M.H. Ritzwoller, J. Townend, M. Savage, S. Bannister, Ambient noise Rayleigh wave tomography of New Zealand, Geophys. J. Int., 18 pages, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03414.x, 2007. (pdf)


  • Lin, F.-C., M. H. Ritzwoller, and N. M. Shapiro, Is ambient noise tomography across ocean basins possible?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L14304, doi:10.1029/2006GL026610, 2006. (pdf)


  • Yang Y, Lin F.-C., Yang GL, A temperature control device for single molecule measurements using the AFM, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 77, 063701(1-5), 2006. (pdf)

  • Chyan CL, Lin F.-C., Peng HB, Yuan JM, Chang CH, Lin SH, Yang GL, Reversible Mechanical Unfolding of Single Ubiquitin Molecules, Biophys. J. 87, 3995-4006, 2004. (pdf)